Dr Paul Smart
Paul is a Senior Research Fellow in Electronics and Computer Science at the University of Southampton. His work spans a number of disciplinary areas, including computer science, cognitive science, social science, and philosophy.
He is currently undertaking research into data institutions, trustworthy technology, and the cognitive/epistemic impact of mixed reality devices. Paul has published in excess of 100 academic papers that cover a range of interdisciplinary topics. His books include Minds Online (Now Publishers; 2017) and Blade Runner 2049: A Philosophical Exploration (Routledge; 2020).
Smart, P. R. (forthcoming) Out of this World: Embodied Cognition, Virtual Reality, and the Exploration of Alien Environments. In L. A. Shapiro & S. Spaulding (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Embodied Cognition (2nd ed.). Routledge, New York, New York, USA.
Smart, P. R. (in press) Toward a Mechanistic Account of Extended Cognition. Philosophical Psychology.
Smart, P. R. (2022) Minds in the Metaverse: Extended Cognition Meets Mixed Reality. Philosophy & Technology, 35(Article 87), 1–29.
Smart, P. R., Andrada, G., & Clowes, R. W. (2022) Phenomenal Transparency and the Extended Mind. Synthese, 200(Article 335), 1–25.
Smart, P. R., Hall, W., & Boniface, M. (2022) Relativistic Conceptions of Trustworthiness: Implications for the Trustworthy Status of National Identification Systems. Data & Policy, 4(Article e21), 1–16.
Smart, P. R. (2021) Shedding Light on the Extended Mind: HoloLens, Holograms, and Internet-Extended Knowledge. Frontiers in Psychology, 12(Article 675184), 1–16.
Smart, P. R., O'Hara, K., & Hall, W. (2021) Applying Mechanical Philosophy to Web Science: The Case of Social Machines. European Journal for Philosophy of Science, 11(3), 1–29.
Shanahan, T., & Smart, P. R. (Eds.) (2020) Blade Runner 2049: A Philosophical Exploration. Routledge, Abingdon, Oxon, UK.
Smart, P. R. (2020) Artificial Economics. In T. Shanahan & P. R. Smart (Eds.), Blade Runner 2049: A Philosophical Exploration (pp. 185–205). Routledge, Abingdon, Oxon, UK.
Smart, P. R. (2020) The Joi of Holograms. In T. Shanahan & P. R. Smart (Eds.), Blade Runner 2049: A Philosophical Exploration (pp. 127–148). Routledge, Abingdon, Oxon, UK.
Smart, P. R. (2020) Planet Braitenberg: Experiments in Virtual Psychology. Cognitive Systems Research, 64, 73–95.
Smart, P. R., Madaan, A., & Hall, W. (2019) Where the Smart Things Are: Social Machines and the Internet of Things. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, 18(3), 551–575.
Smart, P. R. (2018) Emerging Digital Technologies: Implications for Extended Conceptions of Cognition and Knowledge. In A. J. Carter, A. Clark, J. Kallestrup, O. S. Palermos & D. Pritchard (Eds.), Extended Epistemology (pp. 266–304). Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
Smart, P. R. (2018) Human-Extended Machine Cognition. Cognitive Systems Research, 49, 9–23.
Smart, P. R. (2018) Knowledge Machines. The Knowledge Engineering Review, 33(e11), 1–26.
Smart, P. R. (2018) Mandevillian intelligence. Synthese, 195(9), 4169–4200.
Smart, P. R. (2018) Mandevillian Intelligence: From Individual Vice to Collective Virtue. In A. J. Carter, A. Clark, J. Kallestrup, O. S. Palermos & D. Pritchard (Eds.), Socially Extended Epistemology (pp. 253–274). Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
Smart, P. R. (2017) Extended Cognition and the Internet: A Review of Current Issues and Controversies. Philosophy & Technology, 30(3), 357–390.
Smart, P. R. (2017) Situating Machine Intelligence within the Cognitive Ecology of the Internet. Minds and Machines, 27(2), 357–380.
Smart, P. R., Clowes, R. W., & Heersmink, R. (2017) Minds Online: The Interface between Web Science, Cognitive Science and the Philosophy of Mind. Foundations and Trends in Web Science, 6(1–2), 1–232.
Smart, P. R., Heersmink, R., & Clowes, R. W. (2017) The Cognitive Ecology of the Internet. In S. J. Cowley & F. Vallée-Tourangeau (Eds.), Cognition Beyond the Brain: Computation, Interactivity and Human Artifice (2nd ed., pp. 251–282). Springer International Publishing, Cham, Switzerland.
Smart, P. R., & Madaan, A. (2017) The Social Scaffolding of Machine Intelligence. International Journal on Advances in Intelligent Systems, 10(3&4), 261–279.